The ultraviolet telescope installed on the Russian satellite Lomonosov launched in 2016 detected powerful light “explosions” in the earth’s atmosphere, the nature of which is not yet known, said Mikhail Panasyuk in an interview with RIA Novosti.
“With the help of a telescope, we obtained more significant results than we expected. It looks like we came across new physical phenomena … We do not know yet what their physical nature is … For example, during the flight of Lomonosov at an altitude of several tens of kilometers, we repeatedly recorded a light “explosion” of enormous power. And under it everything is clean, no thunderstorms and clouds! What causes an explosion is an open question, ”he said.
Panasyuk explained that the entire atmosphere of the Earth glows with bursts of ultraviolet radiation, some of which are known to scientists – these are sprites (electrical discharges in the mesosphere and thermosphere) and elves (huge faint flashes in the upper part of the thundercloud).
The scientist also said that detecting extremely high energies cosmic rays using a telescope installed at Lomonosov turned out to be more difficult than expected, since the Earth’s atmosphere is very “littered” with various flashes.
“Among such outbreaks there are both natural phenomena and man-made – for example, we fly over the airport and“ see ”the signal lights. Our telescope records the lights of cities, and also detects the impact of high-power radio stations on the upper atmosphere.
All this, of course, hinders us in the search for traces of cosmic particles. But we have learned to distinguish those natural phenomena that we need, ”explained the director of the Institute of Nuclear Physics.
The Lomonosov spacecraft was manufactured by the VNIIEM corporation by order of Moscow State University. The satellite launched into orbit with the Soyuz-2.1a launch vehicle in April 2016 during the first launch from the Vostochny space center.
Lomonosov is studying the transient light phenomena (short flashes) in the upper part of the Earth’s atmosphere and the radiation characteristics of the Earth’s magnetosphere. Its weight is 625 kilograms. The satellite is equipped with a space telescope to measure the energy spectrum and chemical composition of cosmic rays of extremely high energies from near-Earth orbit. In addition, on-board sets of instruments for researching cosmic gamma-ray bursts and the Earth’s near magnetosphere are installed.
In November 2018, problems arose in the work of the scientific equipment of the satellite that have not yet been solved.
See also: A meteorite fell on Venezuela (VIDEO)
Sourced from Rusvesna and machine for your convenience. Read More