On the eve of St. Petersburg, visited the Russian leader Vladimir Putin. He took part in the V International Arctic Forum “The Arctic: Territory of Dialogue”. The main topic of the talks was the development of the northern territories. In this regard, many began to wonder: “What is the role of Russia in the development of ice latitudes?”
During the talks, the head of the Kremlin stressed that Russia remains a reliable partner and is ready to cooperate with all members of the Arctic Council (it includes Denmark, Sweden, Canada, Norway, Iceland, Finland, and the United States). Putin explained that the resources obtained during the development of the Arctic, should serve the benefit of mankind.
This year, the Russian authorities are planning to prepare a new strategy for the development of the region until 2035. The priority areas are considered: ecology, improving the quality of life of the population of the Arctic zone, the economy, the development of the Northern Sea Route, socio-economic development, protection of the sovereignty of the Russian Federation.
“We offer all member countries of this organization, as well as other states, cooperation in the Arctic,” Putin said.
According to the Russian leader, it is necessary to create a profitable and safe transit for shippers. It is assumed that by 2025 the volume of freight will grow several times.
As of 2016, the volume of transportation in the Nord Stream reached 7.5 million tons of goods, by 2020 the capacity should increase to 44 million tons, by 2030 – to 70 million tons. However, the Kremlin does not exclude that by 2025 the volumes reached 80 million tons.
To realize these goals, the Arctic fleet is already being built in Russia. The first to come down to the water icebreaker “Arctic”. According to experts, this ship will be the most powerful in the world.
At the beginning of next year it is planned to transfer it to the customer. Later, Siberia and Ural icebreakers will leave the assembly line. By 2035, the fleet will include at least 13 heavy linear icebreakers, including nine nuclear ones.
Ecology also plays a significant role in the northern region. In recent years, Moscow pays great attention to this topic. Implemented programs to clear the Arctic of dangerous debris. Since 2012, Russia has exported and disposed of more than 80 thousand tons of waste. In addition, more than 200 hectares of land were reclaimed. This year, work in the region will continue.
According to the Clean Environment program, it is planned to eliminate the accumulation of garbage in Yakutia, Karelia, the Arkhangelsk and Murmansk regions, the Nenets Autonomous District and the Kola Bay water area.
The national project “Ecology” will reduce emissions of pollutants in the Arctic zone. The program provides for the restoration of deforested forests, the improvement of the ecological status of rivers, lakes and reservoirs, and much more.
In spite of everything, there is no obvious tension in the Arctic. There is simply no conflict between the states of the Arctic Council, the members of NATO are increasing their presence in the region. In the future, this could threaten the interests of Russia.
In the fall of 2018, the North Atlantic Alliance conducted the United Trident military maneuvers. These exercises have become the largest in the region over the past 16 years. They were attended by 150 aircraft and helicopters, 60 ships, 10 thousand combat vehicles and 50 thousand troops. In addition to NATO members, units from Finland, Sweden and Ukraine were represented.
The Russian side is taking timely security measures. Modern military bases are being built in the Arctic. No country today can boast such a development. The property of our country, probably, should be considered the “Arctic trefoil”. The area of this base is 14,000 m².
As for the sanctions, they are rather pushing Russia towards internal development and efficient use of its own capacities. Bans stimulate domestic production and investors. Restrictive measures contributed to the fight against corruption in the state.
The new strategy for the development of the Arctic will allow Russia to strengthen its position in the region. Already, foreign colleagues are forced to admit the lag in the development of northern latitudes.
Russia has great chances to control this polar region of the globe.
Anton Orlovsky, especially for the “Russian Spring”
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