The legendary European volunteer of the LDNR militia Benes Ayo, an active participant in the Russian spring in the Crimea and the Donbas, arrested by the SBU and deported to the UK, is back in the ranks. The black fighter for the rights of Russians in the Baltic States and in Ukraine issued a new appeal.
Hello, dear, comrades! Exactly 5 years ago, on April 7, the de facto state of the Donetsk People’s Republic was created.
Then, in the course of the ongoing clashes between the people and the Bandera security officials, the DPR was proclaimed leaders of the resistance (and then on May 11, as a result of the popular democratic referendum, the DPR already acquired sovereignty de jure).
Let me remind you that the day before, on April 6, the people who revolted in Donetsk managed to take control of the RSA building. Moreover, not only take control, but also firmly hold. Most of the police went over to the side of the people.
In the capital, the Supreme Council was immediately formed and the next day, April 7, 2014, this newly created body announced the creation of the Donetsk People’s Republic.
The first document of the Supreme Council of the DPR was the Act on State Independence of the Republic. At the same time, they announced the holding of a national referendum.
It should be noted that the creation of the DPR and the LPR was the result of a long Russian national liberation movement that arose in the Donbas almost immediately after the criminal collapse of the USSR that began in the late 80s with a bunch of scum and enemies of the people behind whom were bourgeoisie, criminals and the European American imperialists.
As in Ossetia, Abkhazia and Transnistria, the Soviet People of Donbass, whose backbone was the Russian people, reacted extremely negatively to the destruction of our Great Socialist State and the arrival of capitalism.
As we remember, the collapse of the USSR was outwardly camouflaged in the form of right-wing bourgeois-nationalist movements in many post-Soviet republics that advocated independence.
The same happened in Ukraine with its People’s Rukh Kravchuk and a handful of neo-Nazi Bandera groups.
At the same time, in 1989, the Verkhovna Rada of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic, even then, the republic adopted a law on languages, where the Ukrainian language was called the only state language.
It was then that the Kornilov brothers created the “International Donbass Movement” in November 1990, trying to resist nationalism that was raising its head. At the same time, the Kornilovs traveled through the Baltic republics in order to learn from the interfronts there (I note that the Latvian Interfront now consisted of such well-known left-wing political figures of Latvia and Russian-speaking defenders like Tatyana Zhdanok, Miroslav Mitrofanov, etc.), actively cooperated with the movement of Colonel Alksnis.
Subsequently, the historian and politician Dmitry Kornilov headed the “Interdvizhenie in the Donbass”, and Vladimir Kornilov headed the branch of the group “Union”, created to save the Union.
In addition, in 1989-1990, the topic of the federalization of Ukraine was also discussed, with the Donbass becoming an autonomous unit.
The Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Republic (1918-1919) was presented as a historical precedent for the special character of the region, and then the red-blue-black flag of the “free Donbass”, the current flag of the DPR, appeared in Donetsk.
In 1991, articles by Yenakiyevsky activist V. Cherednichenko, people’s deputies of the USSR A. Boyko and V. Goncharov, academician V. Mamutov appeared in the Donetsk newspapers, which substantiated the need to create a “Donetsk federal land.”
In general, the Kornilov brothers deduced the original genesis of the Donbass community – the concentration of industrial enterprises generates a special way of life. These ideas go back to the ideologist of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog republic, Comrade Vasilchenko, who believed that the Soviet republics should be formed not according to the national-cultural model, but according to the national-economic one.
Let me remind you that in March 1991, the overwhelming majority of the inhabitants of the USSR, including the Ukrainian SSR (!!!), voted at a legitimate and democratic referendum for the preservation of the Union.
And clearly and unequivocally !!! However, on August 24, 1991, the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR completely illegally issued an Act on the so-called declaration of independence, or the Act of Independence, which resulted in a parade of sovereignties. For after that, the other republics declared their independence, except, perhaps, Kazakhstan, which adopted the Declaration of Sovereignty only on December 15, 1991 – after the criminal conspiracy of drunken morons in Bialowieza.
After the adoption by the Ukrainian authorities of this act, on August 28, the Central Council of Interdvizheniya adopted a statement “On the socio-political situation”, which expressed “anxiety over the fact that the Donbass can become the arena of serious clashes of various political forces” and therefore until December 1 1991 there should be a referendum on granting the Donetsk region autonomy status within the Ukrainian SSR.
The document emphasized that the IDF “does not think of itself in isolation from either Ukraine or Russia.” After this speech, a wave of accusations of “separatism” struck the International Movement.
In the fall of 1991 in the Donbass there was a tough confrontation of organizations advocating for and against federalism.
On the one hand, they are the IDF, the Democratic Donbass Movement, the Donbass Democratic Movement of Brotherhood, the People’s Movement of Luhansk Region, the Revival Society; on the other hand, regional organizations of the URP, the Democratic Party of Ukraine, the Party of the Democratic Revival of Ukraine, the National Rukh, the Society of the Ukrainian Language named after T. Shevchenko, the Union of Ukrainian Youth.
The confrontation was expressed in various forms: the distribution of leaflets, the acceptance of appeals and statements, speeches on the pages of the periodical press, rallies, and the organization of pickets of local authorities.
The idea of autonomy was discussed at a meeting of the Regional Union of Donbass strike committees. On October 8, the nationalists picketed the Donetsk Regional Council, while in the central square of Donetsk, members of the Inter-Movement collected signatures in support of autonomy.
The session adopted an Appeal to the Supreme Council of Ukraine with a proposal to introduce into the new Constitution a provision on the federal structure of the state. On October 26, 1991, a meeting of deputies of all levels of the South and East of Ukraine was held in Donetsk, to which delegates of the constituent conference DDD Brotherhood addressed appealed to support the idea of federalism, which makes it possible to “preserve the historical, economic, national and cultural distinctiveness of the regions”.
The meeting was opened by the chairman of the Donetsk Regional Council Y. Smirnov and its participants almost unanimously adopted the Appeal to the people and the Statement to the Supreme Council of Ukraine, which, inter alia, said: “Include the provision on the federal-land structure of Ukraine in the concept and the draft Constitution”.
On November 5, the Mariupol City Council, the first in Ukraine, decided to introduce official Russian-Ukrainian bilingualism in the city. And in December 1991 (as in the Baltic States), an absolutely illegitimate survey on independence was organized by the organized nationalist Rada! In flagrant violation of all norms of international law and the laws of the USSR and the Ukrainian SSR!
It should be noted that in August 1991, it was criminal (as in fascist Germany, the current ethnocratic Baltic and vile Bandera Ukraine !!!) the Communist Party was banned. And millions of residents of the Ukrainian SSR were left without their own press organs, without their ideological organization, without the ability to somehow discuss the situation and mobilize. Any agitation against “independence” was de facto prohibited.
As a result, about 90% of the population of Ukraine, including the Crimea and Donbass, voted for independence.
Strange, isn’t it ?! Why did it happen ?!
But the fact is that the vile national bourgeois political technologists have arranged everything in this illegal poll (from a legal point of view it’s not even a turn to call it a legal referendum!) That there wasn’t any talk about leaving the USSR from the Soviet Union, but then the enemies of the people interpreted everything in such a way that the people allegedly voted against the Union (as in the ethnocratic Baltic).
The question was: “Do you confirm the act of proclaiming the independence of Ukraine?”. In this case, about leaving the USSR – not a word.
Does this flowery question mean that you agree with the content of this act, or that you agree with the fact that it was indeed adopted? And in general, what is the content of this act – do ordinary people, especially from the provinces, know this? Otherwise, it is from the power of the vote “are you for independence?”. And what does this abstract independence mean ?!
At the same time, it is absolutely not clear how this answer will be interpreted by the authorities !!! After all, it would be possible to be both independent and democratic in the composition of the Union State.
The fact that all Soviet republics are sovereign, free and democratic is stated both in the Constitution of the USSR and in the constitutions of the Union Soviet republics! Scotland in the UK, what, “dependent and undemocratic”? And which US state would agree that it is “dependent and non-democratic” on the grounds that it is part of the United States of America? In the same way, no one considers Tatarstan, Bashkortostan or the Leningrad Region to be “dependent and undemocratic” on the grounds that they are subjects of the Russian Federation.
That is, the declared “independent and democratic” characteristic itself didn’t have anything to do with the question of joining or not joining the Soviet Union.
True, the Act stated that from the moment independence was proclaimed, only the Constitution and laws of Ukraine, etc., were valid in Ukraine.
But the Constitution of Ukraine and the laws of the Ukrainian SSR had references and recognized the effect of the laws of the USSR, that is, the proclamation of their action as a priority on the territory of Ukraine did not deny, but confirmed the presence of Ukraine within the USSR.
That is, the act of independence declared and approved that only those norms in Ukraine that confirm its entry into the USSR are valid.
And here is the “separation”, “allocation”, other forms of exit ?.
That is, despite the illegality of all these polls and polls, neither the Act of August 24, 1991, or the referendum of December 1, 1991, said nothing about leaving the USSR.
That is why among those who voted “for” there were both those who consciously wanted separation from Russia, and those who did not even think to secede, but understood independence and democracy as the existence of a single state – along with other independent republics, regions, territories , cities and citizens.
At the same time, many residents who were inexperienced in legal nuances during the voting, putting “Yes” on the bulletin, added: “But without separation from Russia”, “But without separation from the Soviet Union”.
At the same time, if it was written “Yes”, and something from itself was written on the front side, then it was declared invalid. And if the supplement was on the reverse side, then it was considered valid. Thus people are meanly cheated !!!
Thus, this consider the Bandera poll of December 1991 was completely illegitimate !!!
As mentioned above, the activists of the Interdvizheniya initially campaigned against the above-described illegitimate poll, and after it was conducted, they issued leaflets stating that if the Ukraine left the Union, in case of separation from Russia, the Bandera ideology would be revived to join NATO, there will be rampant Ukrainian nationalism, there will be restrictions on the use of the Russian language and civil war.
At the same time, what is interesting, the Kornilovs accused Moscow and the traitors of Gorbachev and Yeltsin of actively flirting with the Natsik of all the post-Soviet republics and contributing to the collapse of the USSR.
After that, the national liberation movement in the Donbass did not stop. On the contrary, national issues began to converge with social ones.
As is known, the collapse of the USSR and the bastard “Ukrainian Independence” led to a total impoverishment of the masses, unemployment and the emergence of a bunch of snickering oligarchs. And in the spring of 1993 in the Donetsk region a miner’s strike took place, one of the requirements of which was the granting of autonomy to Donbas and the granting of special economic status for the Donetsk, Lugansk, Dnepropetrovsk and Zaporozhye regions.
Kiev was threatened with overlapping strategic highways, stopping the shipment of coal and deductions to the budget.
And on March 27, 1994, a referendum was held in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions on the status of the Russian language and the federalization of Ukraine (formally, it was called a “consultative poll”), simultaneously with the Parliamentary and local elections in Ukraine. The initiator of this referendum referendum was the “Interdvizhenie”.
It should be noted that representatives of the Donetsk political forces and organizations and strike committees of the Donetsk region, who at that time had great power, as well as some other regions of Ukraine, have long demanded that this referendum be held (with these slogans miners went on strike in Donbas) .
The referendum asked the following questions:
1) Do you agree with the Constitution of Ukraine securing the federal-land structure of Ukraine?
2) Do you agree with the Constitution of Ukraine securing the functioning of the Russian language as the state language of Ukraine along with the state Ukrainian language?
3) Do you agree that in the territory of Donetsk (Lugansk) region the language of work, office work and documentation, as well as education and science should be Russian along with Ukrainian?
4) Are you for signing the Charter of the CIS, full participation of Ukraine in the economic union, in the inter-parliamentary assembly of the CIS states? (in 1994, it was synonymous with Eurasian integration).
About 80-90% of the population answered “yes” to all these questions. This reflected the will of the population of Donbass.
However, the results of the vote were ignored by the authorities and they tried to make the survey “illegal” —the Ukrainian prosecutor’s office began a process of challenging the legality of the poll.
Ultimately, after the adoption of the Constitution in 1996, this referendum was forgotten. Among the organizations that have played an important role in the Russian People’s Liberation Movement, the Donbass Revival Movement, created on November 24, 1991 in Donetsk, can also be noted, headed by teacher Oleksandr Basilyuk.
On his initiative, in May 1992, the All-Ukrainian Civil Congress was held in Donetsk, bringing together pro-Russian activists, chaired by the young Mykola Azarov. Dmitry Kornilov and Don Cossack ataman from Lugansk, Vladislav Karabulin (one of the leaders of the opposition movement in the Luhansk region), also wrote in the leadership of the organization, who wrote that “if Russophobia is extracted from Ukrainian nationalism, its entire ideology will be scattered, for nothing but irrational hatred to the Russians, it does not contain. “
In 1994, on the basis of this congress, the Slavic Party was created. Its strategic goal was to recreate the national, spiritual, economic, and historical unity of Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus.
In 1995, at the invitation of the Russian deputy Konstantin Zatulin, the party delegation visited the Congress of Compatriots in Moscow, the Ukrainian delegation elected Bazilyuk as its permanent representative in Moscow, on August 18, 1995 the joint venture held protest actions against the collapse of ORT broadcasting in Ukraine, in 1996, on the initiative of the Slavic Party, the GKU and Bazilyuk personally created the Congress of Russian Communities of Ukraine.
The second powerful wave of the national liberation movement in the Donbass began as an anti-fascist reaction during the “Maidan” period at the end of 2004.
As known, in the first round of the presidential elections held in Ukraine at that time, which took place on October 31, not a single candidate won 50% of the vote (Yushchenko — 39.87% of the vote, and Yanukovych — 39.32%).
Therefore, on November 21, the second round of elections took place, the winner of which was the Central Election Commission named Yanukovich, who scored 49.4%, and Yushchenko – 46.7%. The West recognized these tours as not conforming to many European standards for democratic elections, and international observers from the CIS regarded the elections “as transparent, legitimate and free.”
After that, the gop-team of Yushchenko, Timoshenko and other Bandera evil spirits launched a wave of thousands of rallies, demonstrations, tent camps, pogroms and riots in Ukraine. A number of oblasts of western Ukraine — Volyn Oblast, Truskavets and Drohobych, as well as Khmelnitsky, Samborsky, Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopil and Vinnitsa city councils — recognized Yushchenko’s victory.
And in response to this unconstitutional bacchanalia, supporters of Viktor Yanukovich began to express proposals for the creation of Southeast autonomy “within sovereign Ukraine” as part of Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhia, Donetsk, Luhansk, Nikolaev, Kherson, Kharkiv and Odessa regions.
November 28 in Severodonetsk held a congress of local councils of Ukraine (which, in the main, arrived the deputies of the south-eastern regions and a smaller number of central). Its participants recognized Yanukovych as president and did not rule out the possibility of a referendum on changing the country’s territorial structure, providing for either federalization or the formation of a “southeastern autonomy” with the capital in Kharkov.
At the unofficial level, there were even threats to launch the procedure of secession from Ukraine in the event of success of the Yushchenko coup.
And in December 2004 (simultaneously with the Luhansk colleagues), the Donetsk Regional Council, chaired by Borys Kolesnikov, raised questions about the status of the region and the Russian language. The regional council initiated preparations for the referendum, bringing to the public court exactly the same questions on which the inhabitants of Donetsk region voted in 1994.
However, later for several reasons, the regional council took a step back and announced that the referendum would not take place. In general, mass rallies in support of Yanukovich were held in the Southeast (in Lugansk, Kharkov, Zaporozhye and Dnepropetrovsk).
True, Yushchenko’s supporters accused their opponents of separatism and demanded that the Prosecutor’s Office and the Interior Ministry immediately stop the “traitors”.
As a result, the SBU opened criminal cases “on the fact of encroachment on territorial integrity”, after which the South-East postponed the separation referendums.
In response to the coming to power of the Russophobic gang of Yushchenko, in late 2005, the Donetsk Republic public and political organization was created.
On December 6, 2005, under the leadership of Alexander Vasilievich Turcan, Andrey Purgin and Oleg Frolov, the city organization Donetsk Republic was created, and three days later, with the assistance of Gennady Prytkov, the regional one. The main purpose of the members of the association was to grant a special status to the eastern regions of Ukraine with the formation of the heiress of the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, which existed in 1918.
In November 2005, activists of the organization held rallies in Donetsk, collected signatures for the creation of the Donetsk Republic, even a tent camp was built (January 2005).
In the summer of 2006, the activists of the OD of the “Donetsk Republic” tried to hold a referendum on sovereignty, but the authorities did not let this happen and brought criminal cases on the children under heavy articles.
In early 2007, representatives of the “Donetsk Republic” held a number of actions in different cities of eastern Ukraine, promoting the idea of federalization.
At the same time, the “Donetsk Republic” was banned and a wave of repression was launched against its activists: criminal cases, attacks, terrible searches, arrests, etc. On June 1, 2012, members of the organization opened their own “embassy” at the headquarters of the Eurasian Youth Union. in Moscow, where they issued passports for citizens of the Donetsk Republic, which, according to ECM, “would further strengthen the ties of residents of the Donetsk Republic and the rest of Russia, the cause of the reunification of the lands of historical Russia artificially separated in 1991,” April 4, 2013 activists of the “Donetsk Republic” ripped holding the Ukrainian-American seminar on IT-technologies due to the fact that it opened the US Ambassador to Ukraine John rultra russophobe Tefftt.
And the next stage of the Russian national liberation movement in the Donbass (as part of this movement throughout Ukraine) was the response of our residents to the Bandera euromaidan in 2014.
As you know, the first legislative initiatives of the fascist maydanuta junta in Kiev were associated with the restriction of the rights of Russian-speaking residents of the south-east of Ukraine.
As early as February 23, 2014, immediately after Aleksandr Turchinov was appointed acting president, the Verkhovna Rada adopted by 232 votes a bill abolishing the law on the fundamentals of the state language policy adopted in 2012, which provided for the possibility of giving minority languages a regional status where the number of minorities exceeds 10 % (in accordance with this law, the Russian language received regional status in 13 of the 27 regions of Ukraine).
A few weeks later, the Kyiv District Court decided to ban the broadcast of four Russian channels. A draft decree banning the Communist Party and the Party of Regions was also registered in the Rada (I remind you that in December 2016, according to the decision of the Dorogomilovsky Court of Moscow on the suit of the people’s deputy of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of past convocations Vladimir Oleynik, a change of power in Ukraine in 2014 was recognized a coup d’état) .
All these events became a pretext for mass protests in the south-east of Ukraine, whose residents, unlike residents in Kiev, in the northern, central and western regions of Ukraine, did not support the “junta”, and from the first days after the former opposition came to power there a wave of protests began to spread against the actions of ultra-right nationalist organizations.
In the Crimea, Dnepropetrovsk, Donetsk, Lugansk, Kharkov, Odessa and other cities, large-scale meetings and 100 – thousand processions took place, the participants of which spoke out sharply against the policies of the new authorities.
One of the demands of the protesters was to hold a referendum on the federalization of Ukraine, on secession from Ukraine, on the accession of these regions to Russia, on the return of Yanukovych to the presidency and on the status of the Russian language.
After the reunification of the Crimea with Russia, protest actions in the Donbass were especially sharply intensified, many of whose members wanted a similar entry of the Donetsk and Lugansk Oblasts into Russia. At the head of the protests in the South-East were various pro-Russian and left-wing political organizations, local communists, etc.
For example, in the DPR, these are the Militia of Donbass, Pavel Gubarev, the communists, the Russian Bloc, the Communist Party of Ukraine, the Donetsk Republic, the Other Russia, etc. As a result, our people’s liberation movement was transformed into a revolution followed by the creation of the LDNR.
In response, the fascist Kiev junta launched a criminal aggression against our people, and with the military and political support of the Euro-American imperialists, the interventionists.
Now our current war with the Bandera punishers is no longer civil, but domestic, for LDNR is de facto sovereign states.
So it was precisely on April 7, as mentioned above, that the Declaration of Independence of the DPR was adopted. This is a very important historical document.
There are about 7 departments, I will list a few of the most important ones:
1) Citizens of all nationalities of the Donetsk People’s Republic constitute its people, who are the bearers of sovereignty and the source of state power. The sovereignty of the people is realized on the basis of the Constitution of the Donetsk People’s Republic, both directly and through elected representative bodies.
2) The most important state issues related to the development of the republic, its relations with other states, are submitted for public discussion or referendum.
3) The Republic provides conditions for the free development and protection of constitutionally recognized forms of ownership, which exclude the appropriation of the results of foreign labor, with the priority importance of collective forms;
4) The people of the Donetsk People’s Republic have the exclusive right to own land, its subsoil, airspace, water and other natural resources located within the territory of the Republic.
So, as we see, in the Declaration of Sovereignty, the power of the people is referred to, which is exercised through elected bodies and the priority of social forms of ownership of the means of production.
However, now in the DPR, unfortunately, both the principles of the declaration of sovereignty and the constitution are often grossly violated – this also applies to elections and the economy.
Therefore, our main tasks should be to protect LDNR from Bandera aggression, restore the territorial integrity of Donbass, that is, liberation from the occupation of all the territories of Donetsk and Lugansk regions, the real nationalization of all large and medium-sized enterprises and holding fair and democratic elections.
It should be noted that how to cope with the 500-thousandth Bandera army armed to the teeth, as well as to establish profitable sales of products of our enterprises, is impossible without Russia.
Therefore, the recognition of LDNR by the Russian Federation and the implementation of the Ossetian-Abkhaz or Crimean scenario is necessary.
Benes Ayo, an activist of the Communist Party of the DPR and Other Russia, for the Russian Spring
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