Manufacturers of Russian amphibious aircraft Be-200 plan to equip them with engines of domestic production instead of Ukrainian ones.
Such information on Thursday, April 11, was published by the newspaper Kommersant, citing several sources in the defense industry.
On airplanes of the Be-200 type, instead of the Ukrainian D-436 engines manufactured by Motor Sich, PD-10 engines from ODK-Perm engines can be installed.
Initially, due to the rupture of the Russian-Ukrainian cooperation, it was planned to replace the D-436TP with the SaM146 produced by the Russian-French joint venture PowerJet (now put on the SSJ 100). Such an option was considered optimal for the transition period, says one of the managers of the aviation industry: while the Russian analogue “brought to mind” the UEC, SaM146 would have allowed launching a remotorized Be-200 by the end of 2020.
But there is one significant flaw: the “hot part” of the SaM146 is produced in France, a member of NATO. It is good for export deliveries, but is not suitable for the main internal customers in the person of the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the Ministry of Defense.
This was noted by the Prosecutor General’s Office, which considered the development work on the Be-200’s refit to cost 13 billion rubles. impractical by notifying the Ministry of Industry and Trade about the risks of disrupting a defense order due to the imposed sanctions.
According to a source close to the leadership of the Ministry of Defense, under the state armament program until 2027, the military can buy up to 16 amphibious aircraft (for deployment on four fleets), and the Emergencies Ministry – another six, bringing their total number to 18.
Potential order for two dozen sides is extremely important for the TANTK them. Beriev, he will ensure the loading of his production lines for several years ahead, says a high-ranking source of Kommersant in the aviation industry, but for this, “we need total import substitution.”
In this context, a variant emerged with the installation of a fully Russian PD-10 on the Be-200. The problem is that this engine does not exist yet, it should be developed on the basis of the existing PD-14.
PD-10 is a promising civil turbofan engine with a weight of 8–9 tons, which is one of the youngest models of the PD engine family (with a load of 7.9 to 20 tons). The lead developer is “UEC-Aviadvigatel” (Perm).
PD-14 has already been certified by the Federal Air Transport Agency, this year the certificate should be validated in the European EASA: according to the publication, if this happens without failures, then mass production can begin in 2020–2021.
Alexey Sinitsky, editor-in-chief of the Air Transport Observer magazine, notes that the creation of PD-10 based on PD-14 is possible by reducing thrust and maximally facilitating the design. The reduction of operating modes will allow to increase the service life of the blades and the whole machine, which will lead to a decrease in the life cycle cost of PD-10, the expert adds.
In the United Engine Corporation (UEC), journalists were assured that the corporation has all the necessary competencies for building an engine in the required class of 8–10 tons, but they did not name the timing of the engine’s release into the series.
The United Aircraft Building Corporation (UAC) specified that they were ready to equip the Be-200 with new PD-10s, “as soon as they are developed and put into mass production”.
The probability of the project is due to the fact that another promising aircraft is tied to the PD-10, a shortened version of the SSJ 100 – SSJ 75, which is being developed with the permission of President Vladimir Putin: he agreed to allocate 85 billion rubles for its creation. (see “Kommersant” on March 26, 2018).
The list of potential customers includes the “Russia” SLO (six SSJ 75 in the salon version and four with a special on-board communication center), the Ministry of Defense (about 30 such machines to replace the outdated Tu-134). The first private customer for up to 75 of these aircraft could be S7.
Ivan Safronov, German Kostrinsky
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